Most German infinitives end with -en (springen/to jump), but there are also some verbs that end in the infinitive with -ern, -eln, -n (wandern/to wander, hike, sammeln/to collect, sein/to be). As you can see, there are two verbs in this sentence – “forgot” and “to bring”. This... Verbs of the senses such as sehen, hören, spüren, fühlen, … These verbs are: bleiben, gehen, fahren, lernen, hören, sehen, lassen. In fact, all 6 German modal verbs are in the top 30. For example: das Liegen/the lying-down, das Essen- the food, das Fahren/the driving. German infinitive clauses are constructed with the infinitive form of a verb and the preposition “zu“. The following is an overview of specifics pertaining to the German infinitive. For example: Sie meint, sie hat immer recht./Sie meint, immer recht zu haben: She thinks she is always right. Of course, the infinitive forms of German verbs are not too complicated. Infinitives are often used to combine clauses, as in the examples below. Phrases with the following conjunctions will always carry a German infinitive, whether it a short or longer phrase: anstatt, ohne, um. Infinitives as Subject Ich freue mich, dass ich ihn bald wiedersehe./ I am happy that I will be able to see him again. ⇒ As we talked about above, zu + infinitive can only replace the … In German, the comma matters as it separates the two ideas. Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content, Co-ordinating conjunctions with two parts. It is the -en form of the verb in German. The infinitives of German verbs end in ‘ -en, -ern, ’ or ‘ -eln ’ in the vast majority of cases. The German infinitive! Replace the verb in the second sentence - here the first person singular form stelle - with the infinitive form stellen. For example: Sentences with der Spaß and die Lust will carry a German infinitive: Sentences with the following nouns will also carry a German infinitive: die Absicht, die Angst, die Freude, die Gelegenheit, der Grund, die Möglichkeit, die Mühe, das Problem, die Schwierigkeiten, die Zeit. In some cases you can also find the infinitive form of a verb in sentences. For example: Exceptions: There will not be an infinitive if there is a conjunction in the sentence: Ingrid Bauer, who is fluent in German, has been teaching and tutoring the German language since 1996. In German, most of the verbs have the ending “-en” (lachen, laufen, machen, …). I’ll also show you a list of the separable prefixes. It can also be used as a noun with a capital letter. Wir haben ihn essen sehen. Most German infinitives have the same ending: -en. They are applicable when you want to use “to + verb” in a sentence. Only a handful of verbs can pair up with an infinitive in a German sentence. The others are: (10) sollen ... For these verbs, only the infinitive needs to be learned. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, How to Use the German Personal Pronoun 'Es', The Position of 'Nicht' in German Sentences, The Difference Between Für and For in German, How to Use the Subjunctive Past in German, How to Use the Conditional Tense in German, Learn the Difference Between "Sehr" and "Viel" in German, Learn How to Use the Present Continuous Tense. Susi sieht eine Spinne von der Decke krabbeln. Some examples are tanzen (to dance), gehen (to go) and bleiben (to stay). Ich versuchte zu kommen. All tenses and moods are based on the infinitive stem. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the German Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, preterite, auxiliary verb. Infinitive constructions in German. No changes are necessary. zu is used with the infinitive: after other verbs. The infinitive can be used to give an order or instruction. and er (3rd person sing.) Note: If you say: "Sie meint, er hat immer recht" you can't replace er with the infinitive since the original subject of the sentence isn't restated. Verbs introducing the double infinitive Ich habe sie schreien hören. It can be used as a noun with a capital letter and is always neuter. But there is a grammatical construction, where the German infinitive plays a more difficult role: The German infinitive … ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. In my next few lessons I will focus on smaller groups of prefixes and how they change the meanings of the verbs. in German studies. It is always neuter. A dongle is a small electronic device that you can connect to another device, especially one that gives you access to the internet . Verbs that Use Infinitive + Zu. Some of these are: anfangen, aufhören, beginnen, andenken, glauben, hoffen, meinen, vergessen, versuchen. The infinitive is the ‘to’ form of the verb, for example, to go, and is the form you look up in a dictionary. Example: (Ich bleibe hier sitzen/I will stay sitting here.). wandern, ändern ) and - eln (e.g., handeln, sammeln ). Ich freue mich ihn bald wiederzusehen. An infinitive is the base form of the verb that you find in the dictionary. Example: The German infinitive is used in the following tenses and moods: Infinitives can become nouns. Wir haben sie Volleyball spielen sehen. The infinitive form of a verb is the basic form found in dictionary entries and is equivalent to the English form with to + the simple verb, e.g., to see, to have, to know. Just like in English, the German infinitive is the basic form of a verb (schlafen/to sleep). Stem-changing verbs are shown with their du (2nd person sing.) This chart is an alphabetical list of 50 commonly used German verbs. The weak verbs can thus be easily recognized in any tense or mood. Diese kleine Spinne kann mir nichts tun! All verbs that have a dass-clause complement: aufhören, stoppen, beginnen, anfangen, verbieten, vergessen, versprechen, versuchen, vorhaben, warnen vor, sich weigern. The infinitive (in German: Infinitiv or Grundform) is the basic form of the verb. Only you must remember to precede the infinitive noun with the article das and to always capitalize it. Most German infinitives end in - en with the exception of two that end in -n ( sein, tun) and a handful that end in - ern (e.g. The basic form of a verb, so, their not conjugated form, is called “infinitive” (“ Infinitiv “). What is the infinitive? Well, finally a part in German grammar which is easy and understandable you might think. forms.Only some irregular verbs (but no separable-prefix or modal verbs) have been included in this chart. Some German infinitives can stand in as the subject of a sentence. Some of them end in -eln, -ern or -ein. Example sentences in the present tense illustrate the use of each verb. Using the infinitive. Learn how to use infinitives in German in this guide for students aged 11 to 14 from BBC Bitesize. /I'm happy to see him again. The following verbs take the infinitive without zu: Modal verbs such as können, dürfen, mögen, … (see Modal Verbs ). Translate a German verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. You will learn how these separable verbs work and how to use a variety of separable verbs in German through a ton of example sentences. @Arc676: Oh, but there is much, much variation in German, in particular over different regions. I explain when to separate the prefix from a German verb and when not to. German conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a German verb. However, it is less frequently found than in English to be accompanied by the preposition zu/to. For instance, He forgot to bring his camera. The infinitive is the ‘to’ form of the verb, the one you look up in a dictionary. Note that in German, ... Keep in mind that "zu" before the infinitive is not used with modal verbs, helfen, lassen, or verbs of perception (sehen, hören, fühlen) Ich will im Sommer mit Peter nach Deutschland reisen.