For shared phonological features between Irish and Welsh, and Irish English and Welsh English see Hickey (1986). 2008: 121–2, 204ff. For example, most of the vowels of Hiberno-English (with the exception of /ɔɪ/ ) correspond to vowel phones (which may or may not be phonemes) of Irish. A Brief Overview of Old Irish Orthography and Phonology Aibhilin inghean Daibhidh Old Irish is a language of Indo-European descent coming from the ... occurring in (example in English, “butter” is not pronounced “But-ter” but closer to “bud-er”. : For help with pronunciation, see , , and Irish phonology. A Handbook of Varieties of English A Multimedia Reference Tool. Volume 2: Morphology and Syntax Irish English therefore has /r/ sounds where British English does not, in words such as mar (Irish /mɑːr/, unlike British /mɑː/). Volume 1: Phonology. For example, most of the vowels of Hiberno-English (with the exception of /ɔɪ/ ) correspond to vowel phones (which may or may not be phonemes) of Irish. Irish phonology has been studied as a discipline since the late 19th century, with numerous researchers publishing descriptive accounts of dialects from all regions where the language is spoken. Irish phonology has had a significant influence on the phonology of Hiberno-English (Wells 1982:417–50). Hiberno-English also allows /h/ to appear in positions where it is permitted in Irish but excluded in other dialects of English , such as before an unstressed vowel (e.g. The Irish stops [t̪ˠ d̪ˠ] have been taken over (though without distinctive velarization) into Hiberno-English as common realizations of the English phonemes /θ ð/. Stress. He attributes divergent developments, such as the absence of interdental fricatives in southern Irish English and clear /l/ in Irish English, to a Celtic substratum; see also Filppula et al. Irish phonology has had a significant influence on the phonology of Hiberno-English (Wells 1982:417–50). The symbol ˈ at the beginning of a syllable indicates that that syllable is pronounced with primary stress. Irish words used in the English language — For a list of Irish words that have been imported into English and other languages, see the at Wiktionary, the free dictionary.