However, Emperor Decius ordered the persecution of the adherents of Christianity in mid-3rd century forcing Christians to seek refuge in the desert. Many Messianic and syncretistic sections have also formed across the continent including the Nigerian Aladura churches and the Nazareth Baptist Church situated in South Africa. The Alexandria-based church initially used Greek, and it was not until the late 2nd century that both the liturgy and the scriptures were translated into three native languages. 7 For the founding of Christianity in Africa, I am very much dependent on the magisterial work of Baur (1994) and also the work of Onyinah (2007). By the middle of the first century, churches had been established in northern African by early converts to Christianity. Reformers in the missionary churches, as well as independent church leaders, agitated for changes in the institutionalized church. A century later in the year 2000, there were 350 million. He has also prioritized the protection of water purity in the face of extractive coal and gold mining and its related pollution. By the medieval era, Europeans had not established contact with sub-Saharan Africa, as they could not manage to cross the desert. Within different geographical areas, Africans searched for aspects of Christianity that could more closely resemble their religious and personal practices. By 2060, a plurality of Christians – more than four-in-ten – will call sub-Saharan Africa home, up from 26% in 2015, according to a new analysis of demographic data by Pew Research Center. In 1900, there were less than 10 million Christians on the continent, many of whom were non-native missionaries. AICs have also demonstrated a strong missionary tendency in that most of the spread of Christianity throughout Africa in the 20 th century can be attributed to African Independent Churches. King Ezana of the Ethiopian/Eritrean Kingdom of Aksum gave Christianity official status and facilitated the establishment of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. Venn sought to develop an African Church by urging missionaries to move on after the seeds had been sown and leaving the native leaders to develop their church. The religion also grew in northwestern Africa where the churches maintained links with the Church of Rome. However, th… On one hand, Africa is the zone of Christianity’s greatest growth. There has been a notable growth in the population of Christians residing in Africa while on the other hand observance of traditional African religions has been on a decline. Collections on African Christianity from mainly North American Protestant missionaries and some African churches and organizations. Pope Francis has named Abel Gabuza, the current bishop of Kimberley, South Africa, to the post of coadjutor archbishop of Durban, one of the largest cities in the nation. Since then, Africa has become a region predominantly inhabited by Christians and Muslims. To perform this task with credibility and integrity, we must strive to avoid the temptation to lend our service to the tyranny of elitism, fundamentalism, and rigid orthodoxy. North America is projected to remain relatively steady at somewhere between 5 and 8 percent of all Christians on the planet living here, but with declining birth rates among native-born North Americans, that is due in large part to immigration from these other regions. In his review article, Maxwell (1997:141) asserts: The expansion of Christianity in twentieth-century Africa has been so dramatic that it has been called 'the fourth great age of Christian expansion'. Such a transition is now firmly in place in the prominent South African archdiocese. These evils were fought by champions like Henry Venn and Thomas Fowell. In the South of the continent the Dutch founded the beginnings of the Dutch Reform Church in 1652. Originally from Collingswood, Michael M. Canaris, Ph.D., teaches at Loyola University, Chicago. The positive intentions of Christianity were however overshadowed by the ills of the slave trade and commercial exploitation. Adaptations of Protestantism, such as the Kimbanguist church emerged. Within the Kimbanguist church, Simon Kimbanguquestioned the order of religious deliverance- would God send a white man to preach? The Portuguese attempted to introduce a Catholic-influenced form of Christianity between the 16th and 18th centuries in the Kongo Kingdom, but it did not last for long. … Our research is eminently about faith in the life of the People of God.”. This rise in African Christianity in the last 100 years is one of the most under-appreciated success stories in global religious history. This rise in African Christianity in the last 100 years is one of the most under-appreciated success stories in global religious history. On one hand, Africa is the zone of Christianity’s greatest growth. Christianity arrived in Africa in the late 1st or early 2nd century AD, making these Christian communities some of the earliest in the world. It was firmly established in Carthage and other Tunisian towns by the 3rd century and had produced its own local martyrs and an outstanding apologist in Tertullian (c. 160–240). The oldest of these churches is the Tewahedo which enjoys a membership of around 45 to 50 million people. His role on the African Bishops’ Conference’s Justice and Peace Commission has provided him a platform for speaking about ethical responsibility in a country where droughts and food shortages often cause severe human suffering. By 2025, nearly three-quarters of all Catholics will live in Africa, Asia or Latin America. 8 The Coptic, Catholic, Protestant and Pentecostal churches in Africa agree that the apostle Mark was the first apostle to Africa. In 1900, there were less than 10 million Christians on the continent, many of whom were non-native missionaries. The rapid rise of Islam in Northern Africa alarmed the Christian kingdoms of Europe. The history of Christianity in Africa probably began during the earthly ministry of Jesus Christ, two thousand years ago. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, African Countries Where Christianity is the Largest Religion, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US.