The initial impulse to philosophize may arise from suspicion, for example, that we do not fully understand, and have not fully justified, even our most basic beliefs about the world. Academically, the students developed their abilities to construct philosophical questions, gather relevant information for an inquiry from a variety of sources, analyze data, construct a well−reasoned thesis, write, reflect, and participate in a philosophical community of inquiry. In many ways, any attempts to formulate a philosophical method that provides the ultimate constituents of reality, a metaphysics, can be considered systematic philosophy. It is this that makes much philosophizing a social endeavor. The working assumption is that the more clearly the question or problem is stated, the easier it is to identify critical issues. This exchange and resulting revision of views is called dialectic. This, therefore, indicates that philosophy is a quest for arguments. Sometimes a philosophical theory by itself can be stated quite briefly. For example: One might also consider some of the many questions about justification. One can call this a philosophical explanation. Philosophers offer definitions and explanations in solution to problems; they argue for those solutions; and then other philosophers provide counter arguments, expecting to eventually come up with better solutions. Philosophers are in the business of investigating all sorts of those areas of ignorance. A bewilderingly huge number of basic concepts are poorly understood. Evaluate positions Identify positions on the question CONCEPT The Philosophical Approach to Inquiry 13 Which of the following is a philosophical question? The reasons are the premises, the claim they support is the conclusion; together they make an argument. These questions are only the tip of the philosophical iceberg. In a broad, ambiguous sense, the subject-matter and circum-stances of philosophy are the same, for they both range through the They constantly demand and offer arguments for different claims they make. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. All the supporting philosophical text is offered by way of hedging, explanation, and argument. (see the. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Philosophical Method and Galileo's Paradox of Infinity, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philosophical_methodology&oldid=972207925, Articles needing additional references from May 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from May 2013, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 August 2020, at 20:12. A common view among philosophers is that philosophy is distinguished by the ways that philosophers follow in addressing philosophical questions.  It follows that another element of philosophical method, common in the work of nearly all philosophers, is philosophical criticism. Step 2: Philosophical Inquiry and Writing to Learn. Doing philosophy is about the journey, the process, as much as it is about the destination, the conclusion. A relatively small number of major philosophers prefer not to be quick, but to spend more time trying to get extremely clear on what the problem is all about. Different assumptions would lead to different ways of living. People often find themselves believing things that they do not understand. Philosophers are, or at least are expected to be, very good at giving arguments. They immediately start giving arguments, pro and con, on different sides of the issue. In philosophy concerning the most fundamental aspects of the universe, the experts all disagree. There are many other things about this universe about which people are also fundamentally ignorant. You might ask students "What is the most important question to ask? The major questions philosophers ask about reality, knowledge and goodness provide wonderful opportunities to increase students’ engagement and self-image in the classroom. Some common features of the methods that philosophers follow (and discuss when discussing philosophical method) include: Methodic doubt - a systematic process of being skeptical about (or doubting) the truth of one's beliefs. Examples of systematic philosophers include Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Spinoza, and Hegel. In modern philosophy the reaction to systematic philosophy began with Kierkegaard and continued in various forms through analytic philosophy, existentialism, hermeneutics, and deconstructionism. Human lives are deeply informed with many basic assumptions. Another element of a philosophical method is to formulate questions to be answered or problems to be solved. Others are able to think of criticisms from another perspective. If one is willing to be satisfied without any good supporting reasons, then a Western philosophical approach may not be what one actually requires. Systematic philosophy attempts to provide a framework in reason that can explain all questions and problems related to human life. It is rare to find a philosopher, particularly in the Western philosophical tradition, who lacks many arguments. Sometimes, what is called for, is a certain sort of explanation — not a causal explanation, but an explanation for example of how two different views, which seem to be contrary to one another, can be held at the same time, consistently. An argument is a set of statements, one of which (the conclusion), it is said or implied, follows from the others (the premises). A lack of these things shows a lack of understanding, and some dislike not having this understanding. Philosophic Inquiry The nature and functions of philosophy, like those of any other enter prise, are determined by its subject-maner and its conditioning circum-stances. The major questions philosophers ask about reality, knowledge and goodness provide wonderful opportunities to increase students’ engagement and self-image in the classroom. It is about questioning assumptions, digging for deeper understanding. Another approach is to enunciate a theory, or to offer a definition or analysis, which constitutes an attempt to solve a philosophical problem. How many people live in poverty in the world? To see the rest of the philosophical inquiry write-to-learns, please download the following document: Once students have written to learn and inquire to deepen their philosophical literacy, the class is ready for Step 3, Introducing Philosophy in the English Classroom. One might think of arguments as bundles of reasons — often not just a list, but logically interconnected statements — followed by the claim they are reasons for. Doing philosophy is different from this. Can one sport be objectively better than another? A good argument — a clear, organized, and sound statement of reasons — may ultimately cure the original doubts that motivated us to take up philosophy. Some common features of the methods that philosophers follow (and discuss when discussing philosophical method) include: Plato said that "philosophy begins in wonder", a view which is echoed by Aristotle: "It was their wonder, astonishment, that first led men to philosophize and still leads them.