Distribution: Northeastern United States and Southeastern Canada, Tree Size: 80-115 ft (25-35 m) tall, 3-6 ft (1-2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 44 lbs/ft3 (700 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .56, .70, Modulus of Rupture: 14,380 lbf/in2 (99.2 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,761,000 lbf/in2 (12.14 GPa), Crushing Strength: 6,780 lbf/in2 (46.8 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.0%, Tangential: 8.6%, Volumetric: 13.7%, T/R Ratio: 2.2. You may be able to find some locally through chemical supply stores, but they typically only sell in bulk quantities, making such a small project prohibitively expensive. Found several pieces of wood in the rafters of my garage when I purchased the house. Yes, those are examples of quartersawn oak. Hello can you please help me identify the type of oak this is? You can stain to any color you would like, but there are some types that the lighter the stain, the better they look like mahogany, cedar, red oak, ash, teak, cherry, walnut, rosewood, etc etc. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide. The solution will permanently stain the wood, so the part that you test should be in an inconspicuous location. Under a loupe one seems to have empty holes, shorter rays and a pinky hue…. Directions: Stir in sodium nitrite until clear. This method is extremely accurate and reliable, though in most instances, it’s probably overkill. It is not as available as it used to be, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). It may be a mixture. Is the repair made with the same as the original. few quick ways to tell the two groups apart, WOOD! From first glance, just going by color, (especially if the wood has a stain applied to it), it can be difficult to tell the two apart. Thanks again! There’s a lot of color variation where it could be either or. Or just a good pine.. firs or lodgepoll .. White oak is not as hardy as red oak and it does not look as nice. Please attach pictures as this will help immensely. I was wondering if I have a 1 x 15 board for a tv stand across 5ft across, would I need a support half way to keep it from bowing? Can’t say for sure, but the first two look like red oak, while the second looks closer to white oak, based on the ray fleck shape. White oak tends to be more dense, while red oak is a bit lighter and has a more porous and open grain. Workability: Produces good results with hand and machine tools. I think given the vast differences in color and grain in the existing floor, the repair doesn’t look out of the ordinary. Do you have any opinion about modern made Stickley furniture? It contains many of the most popular articles found on this website, as well as hundreds of wood profiles—laid out with the same clarity and convenience of the website—packaged in a shop-friendly hardcover book. However, the grain and pores become much more pronounced if a pigment stain is used. Oak, maple, pine etc. Will the coloring effect of the sodium nitrite remain if the wood is sealed after applying it? The brighter pictures are the couch. Thanks so much. I believe your floor is probably red oak. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. I recently bought some “Stickley” furniture that I know is relatively modern on eBay,from two different sites. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a coarse, uneven texture. But if it’s white oak, there will be a noticeable color change in as little as five minutes, (though it can take longer if the wood is dry, or if the temperature is low). I read now the weight you posted, definitely you would need table like support, I mean aprons etc. Red oak will be only slightly discolored by the solution, sometimes developing a slightly greenish hue, while white oak will gradually turn a dark reddish brown, eventually turning a deep indigo to nearly black. See attached close up. White oak is not as hardy as red oak and it does not look as nice. because otherwise, over time, it will bow. I am need to replace some flooring in the house and not sure what the previous owner used. No need to knife a piece, just sand it with a 200 or 250 and warm the wood up that way and you will be able to smell it. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. This flooring is known for its … Not so fast. A freshly cut oak board should be easy to distinguish: The pores found in the growth rings on red oak are very open and porous, and should be easily identifiable. White oak is usually slightly more expensive than red oak. The tv is about 50lbs. Basically, you’re buying characteristics found in an oak group, and not necessarily an exact species. Can react with iron (particularly when wet) and cause staining and discoloration. It’s a fine wood to work with when your building indoor furniture or milling trim. Usually slightly less expensive than White Oak, prices are moderate for a domestic hardwood, though thicker planks or quartersawn boards are slightly more expensive. The heartwood of white oak will eventually change to a dark indigo to almost black. I was expecting the pattern and knots to be less in white oak? Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. This method is probably the most reliable under normal circumstances, and is useful in situations where the wood is in a finished product where the endgrain is not exposed. First I’ll cover a few quick ways to tell the two groups apart, and then I’ll describe the working properties and characteristics of each group. There should be a little paper clip icon that lets you attach images to your comment. But in this instance, red vs white oak will not make much of a difference because neither your floor nor the samples are a natural color of the wood, they are stained. That really is my question. It is finished with Rubio Monocoat Cotton White. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! White oak also has a higher Janka hardness! Red oak”s rot resistance is non durable to perishable, whereas white oak is very durable. It is true that is less stable but there are techniques to compensate that. Thank you! Can you help identify? The typical smart-aleck response might be: “well, red oak is red, and white oak is white. Most find it appealing. Did you receive my pictures! Red Oaks do not have the level of decay and rot resistance that White Oaks possess. Even many vinyl/imitation wood surfaces are printed to look like Red Oak. So, how do you tell the two apart, and why would you want to? I like red.. Conversely, White Oak tends to be slightly more olive-colored, but is by no means a reliable method of determining the type of oak. Hard, strong, and moderately priced, Red Oak presents an exceptional value to woodworkers—which explains why it is so widely used in cabinet and furniture making. I think red oak (Q. Rubra) in particular is overrated and pathetic. Nonetheless, it’s white oak. Red oak should only be used for interior pieces such as cabinets, indoor furniture, flooring, etc. Instead of taking the time to analyze each log closely by hand, a 10% solution of sodium nitrite (NaNO2) is sprayed or brushed onto the wood and observed. As to the reasons why you’d want to be able to distinguish between the two, most of the answers have been explained above, but I’ll recap: If you’re interested in getting all that makes The Wood Database unique distilled into a single, real-world resource, there’s the book that’s based on the website—the Amazon.com best-seller, WOOD! I bought white oak doors but how can I know? 95% of this battle will be in finding the right stain color. A friend has some red oak for sale.